Ballard county is in the Jackson Purchase region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 285 to 495 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 8,249 in a land area of 246.66 square miles, an average of 33.4 people per square mile.
The equine population was 300 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Ballard county was named to honor Bland Ballard, who served in the military in the War of 1812 and elsewhere and in the Kentucky legislature.