Bourbon county is in the Inner Bluegrass region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 715 to 1050 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 19,985 in a land area of 289.72 square miles, an average of 69.0 people per square mile.
The equine population was 13,000 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Bourbon county was formed while the territory was part of Virginia and was named to honor the French royal family.