Jackson county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 650 to 1633 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 13,494 in a land area of 345.20 square miles, an average of 39.1 people per square mile.
The equine population was 1,300 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Jackson county was named for President Andrew Jackson.