Metcalfe county is in the Pennyrile region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 560 to 1120 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 10,099 in a land area of 289.65 square miles, an average of 34.9 people per square mile.
The equine population was 1,600 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Metcalfe county was named to honor Thomas Metcalfe, United States Senator and tenth governor of Kentucky.