Monroe county is in the Pennyrile region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 495 to 1141 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 10,963 in a land area of 329.37 square miles, an average of 33.3 people per square mile.
The equine population was 1,300 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Monroe county was named for James Monroe, who was President of the United States when it was formed.