Morgan county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 690 to 1400 feet above sea level.
It was formed in 1823 from Bath and Floyd counties. The county seat is West Liberty. Morgan county was a source of Rowan (1856), Magoffin (1860), Wolfe (1860), Elliott (1869), and Menifee (1869) counties.
In 2010 the county population was 13,923 in a land area of 381.13 square miles, an average of 36.5 people per square mile.
The equine population was 2,300 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Morgan county was named for General Daniel Morgan, who served in the American Revolution.