Owsley county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 650 to 1720 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 4,755 in a land area of 197.41 square miles, an average of 24.1 people per square mile.
The equine population was 700 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Owsley county was named to honor William Owsley, governor of Kentucky.