Russell county is in the Pennyrile region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 530 to 1140 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 17,565 in a land area of 253.66 square miles, an average of 69.2 people per square mile.
The equine population was 1,400 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Russell county was named for William Russell, who served in the American Revolution.