Wolfe county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 650 to 1460 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 7,355 in a land area of 222.17 square miles, an average of 33.1 people per square mile.
The equine population was 1,800 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Wolfe county was named for Nathaniel Wolfe, a nineteenth century lawyer and member of the state legislature.