Hancock county is in the Western Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 358 to 840 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 8,565 in a land area of 187.65 square miles, an average of 45.6 people per square mile.
The equine population was 600 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
Hancock county was named for John Hancock, president of the Second Continental Congress, which adopted the Declaration of Independence in 1776.