McCreary county is in the Eastern Coal Field region of Kentucky. The elevation in the county ranges from 723 to 2165 feet above sea level.
In 2010 the county population was 18,306 in a land area of 426.80 square miles, an average of 42.9 people per square mile.
It is the last county formed in the state.
The equine population was 300 in the 2012 Kentucky Equine Survey.
McCreary county was named to honor James B. McCreary, two-time governor of Kentucky.