Butler is a Pendleton county town on the Licking River about nine miles north of Falmouth. It was established in the 1830s and named Fourth Lock, for a lock that was then under construction on the Licking. (The Licking River locks and dams were never completed.) It became known as Clayton, for a local family, and then Butler or Butler Station on the Covington and Lexington Railroad in the 1850s. The name Butler is for William O. Butler, who represented the area in the U.S. Congress.
Butler was incorporated in 1868.
The Clayton post office opened in 1857 and was renamed Butler in 1860.
The population in 2020 was 638.
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